Bar – (1) Historically, the dividing wall that separates the public from the space occupied by judges, lawyers and other litigants. (2) More commonly, the group of lawyers within a jurisdiction. A legal action in which a court authorizes a person or a small group of people to represent the interests of a large group of people with common characteristics or interests. The rules of the Iowa Court allow a class action to be filed only if the class is so large or composed that the membership of all members, whether required or permitted, is impracticable and there is a question of law or fact common to the class. Joint tenancy – A form of legal co-ownership of property (also known as survival). In the event of the death of a co-owner, the surviving co-owner becomes the sole owner of the property. Renting as a whole is a particular form of joint rental between a man and a woman. Provide professional legal advice or services where a relationship of trust exists. A written statement setting out a cause of action or defense of a case. A legal finding or statement that a person is guilty of a crime.
Advice on decisions a person should make to improve their legal case. Only lawyers can give legal advice. See “Legal notice”. A judicial officer who oversees the administrative aspects of the judicial system, including managing the flow of cases. Clerks assist the public, litigants and lawyers in matters related to court proceedings. Clerks cannot give legal advice. A legal procedure to deal with the debt problems of individuals and companies; in particular, a case filed under one of the chapters of title 11 of the United States Code. A serious crime that is usually punishable by at least one year in prison. Crimes include, for example, murder, kidnapping, manslaughter, burglary, robbery and other serious crimes. The Iowa law provides for four classes of offenses, ranging from Class “D,” the least serious, to Class “A,” the most serious.
Contributory Negligence – A legal doctrine that prevents the plaintiff in a civil action from recovering a defendant for negligence if the plaintiff also acted negligently. New Mexico has abandoned the doctrine of contributory negligence in favor of comparative negligence. An agreement between two or more parties in which each party renounces something of value in exchange for another thing of value and which creates enforceable obligations by its terms. Trainee lawyer – Individuals trained in law who assist judges in seeking legal advice. habeas corpus – A brief often used to bring a prisoner to court to determine the lawfulness of his detention. A detainee who wishes to argue that there are insufficient grounds for detention would file an application for habeas corpus. It can also be used to detain a person in court in order to testify or be prosecuted. An action brought by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a claim that the defendant failed to comply with a legal obligation that caused harm to the plaintiff. Previous – A case already decided that guides the decision of future cases; Common law source. A fair remedy that returns a person to their original position before the loss or injury. Restitution is often used to describe the total or partial compensation that a criminal owes to a victim of a crime as part of a criminal conviction.
In Iowa, this word can also include the total amount of a defendant`s monetary obligation, including victim compensation, fines, court fees, surcharges, and costs. Here are 10 commonly used words and their definitions: The Study of Law and the Structure of the Legal System Status – The legal right to sue. Only a person whose legally recognized interest is at stake is entitled to bring an action. Legal aid organizations provide free legal assistance for civil law matters to eligible low-income Iowans. Examples include Iowa Legal Aid, Muscatine Legal Services, and Legal Aid of Story County. A judgment rendered in favour of a party when the opposing party does not appear or participate in the dispute. For example, if a defendant does not respond within the allotted time, does not appear in court, or does not provide a defence. Court approval, usually for law enforcement officers, to conduct a search or arrest. Trust – A legal instrument for the management of real or personal property made by one person (the settlor or settlor) for the benefit of another person (the beneficiary). A third party (trustee) or settlor manages the trust.
Jurisdiction – (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have jurisdiction to hear the same case at the same time. Some issues may be brought in state and federal courts. The plaintiff first decides where to file the lawsuit, but in some cases, the defendant may try to change the court. (2) The geographical area in which the court has jurisdiction to hear cases. For example, a federal court in a state can generally only decide a case arising from lawsuits filed in that state. An order issued by a court to order an official to comply or not to comply with a specific legal obligation.