Presidents chair their party`s executive committee, which is responsible for assigning party members to other House committees. The President elects the chairpersons of the standing committees, appoints most of the members of the Rules Committee, appoints all the members of the committees of the Conference and determines which committees examine the bills. The Standing Orders of the House require an absolute majority of the members who vote for the election of a Speaker. The House of Representatives also has the power to formally censure or reprimand its members; Censorship or reprimand of a member requires only a simple majority and does not remove him. The party with the majority of seats in the House of Representatives is called the majority party. The second largest party is the minority party. The chair, committee chairs and certain other officials usually belong to the majority party; They have counterparts (for example, the “core members” of committees) in the minority party. Under the Twelfth Amendment, the House of Representatives has the power to elect the president if no presidential candidate receives a majority of the votes in the Electoral College. The Twelfth Amendment requires the House of Representatives to choose from among the three candidates with the highest number of electoral votes. The Constitution states that “votes shall be made by the States, the representation of each State having one vote”. It is rare that no presidential candidate wins a majority of the electoral vote. In U.S.
history, the House of Representatives has only had to elect a president twice. In 1800, before the passage of the Twelfth Amendment, she elected Thomas Jefferson over Aaron Burr. In 1824, he chose John Quincy Adams over Andrew Jackson and William H. Crawford. (If no vice presidential candidate receives a majority of the electoral votes, the Senate elects the vice president from among the two candidates with the highest number of electoral votes.) Louisiana is unique in that it holds a bipartisan “primary” on general election day, followed by a runoff between the top two (regardless of party) if no candidate has won a majority in the primary. The states of Washington and California use a system similar (but not identical) to Louisiana. Since coming of age, Lord Hetton had entered an annual foal in the big race. When that happens, McConnell will no longer be the majority leader, and we should work with him and around him. Members of the House are called representatives. Each state is represented in the House of Representatives in proportion to the size of its population, but is entitled to at least one representative.
There are currently 435 MPs, a number that has been established by law since 1911. The most populous state, California, currently has 52 representatives. There are six states with a representative: Alaska, Delaware, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont and Wyoming.  According to the Constitution, the House of Representatives sets the rules by which it passes laws. Each of the rules can be changed at each new congress, but in practice, each new session modifies a permanent set of rules established throughout the history of the organization in a quick resolution for public inspection.  Before a law reaches the plenary, the Rules Committee normally adopts a rule to regulate debate on that measure (which must then be passed by the plenary before it comes into force). For example, the committee decides whether amendments to the bill are admissible. An “open rule” allows all German changes, but a “closed rule” restricts or even prohibits changes. Debate on a bill is usually limited to one hour, which is divided equally between majority and minority parties.
Each party is led by a “floor manager” during the debate, who allocates debate time to members who wish to speak. Many Members can speak on controversial issues; Thus, a member can only have one minute or even thirty seconds to express his point of view.  According to the 1920 census, the northeastern and midwestern states held 270 seats in the House of Representatives and 169 in the South and West. After that, the balance between the two regions gradually shifted: according to the 2010 census, the Northeast and Midwest had only 172 seats, compared to 263 in the South and West. In particular, the number of representatives from New York fell from 45 in the 1930s to just 27 in 2012, while the number of representatives from California increased from 11 to 53. The House of Representatives is commonly referred to as the lower house and the Senate the upper house, although the United States Constitution does not use this terminology. The approval of both chambers is required for the adoption of laws. The Virginia plan was endorsed by delegates from major states such as Virginia, Massachusetts, and Pennsylvania because it called for population-based representation. Small states, however, favored New Jersey`s plan, which called for a unicameral Congress with equal state representation.  As a check on the regional, popular, and rapidly changing policies of the House of Representatives, the Senate has several different powers. For example, “advisory and consent powers” (such as the power to approve contracts and confirm members of cabinet) are an exclusive privilege of the Senate.
 However, the House of Representatives has exclusive authority to introduce bills to increase revenue, impeach officials, and elect the president if a presidential candidate does not obtain a majority of the Electoral College votes.  The Senate and House of Representatives continue to differ in terms of terms and number of constituencies represented: the Senate has longer terms of six years, fewer members (currently one hundred, two for each state), and (in all but seven delegations) larger constituencies per member. The Senate is called the “upper” house and the House of Representatives the “lower” house. Disqualification: Under the Fourteenth Amendment, a federal or state official who takes the oath necessary to uphold the Constitution, but later participates in a rebellion or assists enemies of the United States, is prohibited from serving as a representative. This provision after the Civil War was intended to prevent those who sided with Confederation from serving. However, disqualified individuals may serve if they receive the approval of two-thirds of both houses of Congress. A small number of MPs chose to use the nominally “MC” (for “Member of Congress”) after their name, reflecting the use of “MP” in the Westminster system. Each party elects a faction leader, known as the majority leader or minority leader. The minority leader leads his party in the House of Representatives, and the majority leader is the second highest official of his party, behind the president.
Party leaders decide which laws their party members should support or oppose. The constitutional prerogative of the House of Representatives applies to all general budget laws, and the Senate`s right to amend them has been granted as much as possible. The House of Lords can add whatever it wants; They can go completely beyond their original provisions and attach completely new legislative elements to them, changing not only the amounts, but even the items of expenditure, and transforming the documents transmitted to them by the House of the People into measures of an almost entirely new character. Chairs of House committees, particularly influential standing committees such as supply, ways and means, and rules, are powerful, but are not formally part of the House leadership hierarchy. Until the creation of the position of Majority Leader, the Ways and Means Chair was the de facto majority leader. If the presidency and Senate are controlled by a party other than the one that controls the House of Representatives, the President can become the de facto “leader of the opposition”. Notable examples include Tip O`Neill in the 1980s, Newt Gingrich in the 1990s, John Boehner in the early 2010s, and Nancy Pelosi in the late 2000s and again in the late 2010s and early 2020s. Since the Speaker is a partisan senior public servant with considerable power to control the affairs of the House, the position is often used for partisan purposes. Because each chamber has the constitutional power to make its own rules, the House of Representatives and the Senate have developed very different ways of amending laws, which may result in part from their constitutional differences.