President Muhammadu Buhari has just signed Executive Order 009 to eradicate open defecation in the country by 2025.
The order, entitled “The Open Defecation-Free Nigeria by 2025 and Other Related Matters Order” was signed on Wednesday.
In a statement, released by Femi Adesina, special adviser to the president on media and publicity, said the executive order takes effect immediately.
The statement stipulates that up to 46 million Nigerians practiced open defecation.
Nigeria is ranked second among the nations in the world with the highest number of people practicing open defecation.
The statement reads that part of the strategies to end open defecation was to implement the National Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene Action Plan to improve access to pipe-borne water and hygiene.
The order states that all public places must have accessible toilets and latrines within their premises.
According to the statement, the national assembly and house of representatives shall enact laws on the practice with appropriate sanctions and penalties.
“ it stated that by this Order, Nigeria is committed to being open defecation free by 2025,”
“The National Open Defecation Free (ODF) Roadmap developed by the Federal Ministry of Water Resources with support from other key sector players across Nigeria be put into effect.
“The statement also explained that there is established in the Federal Ministry of Water Resources a National Secretariat called ‘Clean Nigeria Campaign Secretariat’.
“The Secretariat is authorized on behalf of the President to implement this Order by ensuring that all public places including schools, hotels, fuel stations, places of worship, market places, hospitals, and offices have accessible toilets and latrines within their premises.
“All Ministries, Departments, and Agencies (MDAs) of government shall cooperate with the Clean Nigeria Campaign Secretariat.
“The National Assembly and the State Houses of Assembly shall enact legislation on the practice of open defecation with appropriate sanctions and penalties.
“All development projects shall include the construction of sanitation facilities as an integral part of the approval and implementation process.
“The Secretariat shall terminate when Nigeria is declared Open Defecation Free,” it added